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    六年级英语上册Unit 5知识点

    时间:2016-08-25 10:18来源: 作者: 点击:

      Unit 5

      1、一些由动词变化而来的职业名词:

      teach—teacher clean—cleaner

      sing—singer dance—dancer

      drive—driver write—writer

      TV report—TV reporter  act—actor

      act—actress art—artist engine—engineer

      2、做“对句子划线部分提问”试题时,一般应该遵循三个步骤:

      (1). 确定与句子划线部分相应的特殊疑问词,并且特殊疑问词代替相应的划线部分。

      (2). 把特殊疑问词代替划线部分后的句子变成一般疑问句。

      (3). 最后再把特殊疑问词提到句首。

      以上三个基本步骤可以用三个字来概括,即:定,问,提。例如:

      This is a book ?

      ①This is what. ②Is this what ? ③What is this ?

      注意:句①②只是一种变化过程,不必写入试题中。句③才是试题所要求的形式和结果,必须写到试题上。以上三个步骤是对句子划线部分提问最基本的过程。

      然而对不同句子的不同成份提问时,还要注意以下几点:

      (1). 如果句子的划线部分是主语,只找出相应的特殊疑问词,用来代替划线部分即可。如:

      1)He teaches us English. Who teaches us English?

      2)My mother’s clothes are over there. Whose clothes are over there?

      (2). 如果句子的划线部分是谓语(包括谓语动词),不论原来的谓语动词是何种形式(时态、语态),都要将谓语动词变为do的相应的形式:不论原来的谓语动词后面跟的是人、物还是地点,一律用What来代替。如:

      1)They are playing football.

      ①They are doing what. ②Are they doing what? ③What are they doing?

      2)They wolf is going to kill that man.

      ①They wolf is going to do what. ②Is the wolf going to do what?

      ③What is the wolf going to do?

      (3). 如果句子的划线部分是定语,并且在谓语部分,这时,需将特殊疑问词和紧跟其后的名词一起提到句首。如:

      1)That is his pen.

      ①That is whose pen. ②Is that whose pen? ③Whose pen is that?

      对定语划线部分提问题,如果划线部分是所属关系,特殊疑问词用whose;如果划线部分指具体的“某一个”时特殊疑问词用which;如果划线部分指内容或职业时,特殊疑问词用what;如果划线部分指数量时,特殊疑问词用how many(可数)或how much(不可数)。如:

      1) They are the legs of the desk.

      ①They are whose legs. ②Are they whose legs? ③Whose legs are they?

      2)I like red one.

      ①You like which one. ②Do you like which one? ③Which one do you like?

      3)They have five English books.

      They have how many English books.

      Do they have how many English books?

      How many English books do they have?

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